Results: Despite the tremendous efforts made by international governments and organizations to prevent HIV, HBV and HCV (1, 2) 2015 infections, evidence suggests that transmitting infections continue to spread, taking millions of lives in developing countries ( 3, 7).
Introduction Avoiding professional blood exposure is a primary way to prevent the transmission of HBV, HCV, and HIV into health settings PURPOSE OF PUNISHMENT The importance of the study and the new knowledge that will be gained from it. Through this study it is possible to identify the problems that arise after accidents at work in health personnel, considering that through exposure to different biological fluids it is also possible to transmit the serious HIV, HBV and HCV infectious diseases.
Material And Method. In this study were attended by 220 students and professionals of whom 36 Men – M (16%) and 184 Female – F (84%). This study brings new evidence of the risk of infection by the blood, other body fluids, and the knowledge of the workers’ sudents and health workers about post-exposure measures. In this survey are included 3 Annex A – demographic data, B – general knowledge and C – specific data.
Results. The average age of respondents is the new 51% 23 – 25 years old and 33% 36 – 52 year old with a difference of. of 1.52. Statistical processing reflects that, most 45% of respondents think that breast milk is the body fluid that has the highest propensity for transmitting HBV, HCV and HIV. Despite the small difference between those who are often injured at work 42% and those who are seldom at work 39%, there is a high percentage of the group of injured at work compared to those who have never been harmed, increasing the risk virus transmission. In this case, the injury results in a large difference between the injured with age (26%) compared to the injury with other work injury injuries (74%) and the damage was 91% (41%) compared to the PSH damaged in depth 6 (3%). What was seen as high risk and resulted in a high percentage of individuals who do not report the type of contamination, 112 ( 51% ) were compared to individuals who were contaminated with blood contents at No. 54 (25% ) and other biological fluids to a lesser extent. Positive was at a higher percentage
of 49% of individuals reporting that the crushing and disinfection are the first two actions that are being practiced in the event of contamination and the next step was to consult with the infectious. at a higher 48% than in other reporting links. Also, individuals who think that PEPs should be urgently had a higher 49% than individuals reporting at different PEP times. But what matters and increases the risk is the lack of information in the survey.
Conclusions: This study highlights the continuing need to reduce negative attitudes to HIV, HBV and HCV, and to provide the necessary health education between PSHs, particularly focusing on HBV and HCV prevention. Research project findings can be used to develop awareness-raising interventions to report cases of contact with the carrier fluids of these viruses.
Key words: Student, Knowledge Difference, post-exposure prophylaxis, HBV, HCV and HIV.
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